Terpenes are aromatic compounds that give cannabis plants, as well as other plants, their distinct smell and flavour. Around 200 terpenes have been identified in cannabis, although more than 25,000 different types of terpenes exist in nature1,2.
Terpenes are believed to contribute towards the therapeutic effects of cannabis. Knowing the terpenes that are present in their medical cannabis products can help patients better predict the benefits and effects that they might experience.
One of the terpene’s that’s most abundantly found in cannabis is known as beta-Caryophyllene.
Beta-Caryophyllene is commonly found in strongly scented herbs and spices such as clove, rosemary, and black pepper. It’s thought to ward off unwanted pests and diseases, which may contribute to its widespread occurrence3.
Beta-Caryophyllene produces a spicy, woody, peppery aroma and is used as an additive to many types of products including soaps, detergents, creams, lotions, and perfumes.
Beta-Caryophyllene is found in many medicinal plants, including cannabis, and is suggested to have analgesic (pain relief), anti-convulsant (anti-seizure), anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties4.